Coronary Artery Disease Relapses Frequently? Try These 5 Tips
Coronary artery disease is mainly coronary atherosclerosis. As the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart, if coronary artery has atherosclerotic plaques and decreased vascular elasticity, it is likely to become narrowed or blocked. And it can cause cardiac insufficiency at any time. This can lead to angina, myocardial infarction or even cardiac arrest, and eventually death.
As for normal people, it is best to take preventive measures for cardiovascular disease. However, for people who have experienced angina or myocardial infarction, what we should do is to prevent its relapse.
The following 5 tips will tell you what to do.
1. Aspirin and ACEI/ARB
These two drugs are very important in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Aspirin can inhibit platelet aggregation and prevent thrombosis. Coronary atherosclerosis causes the surface of blood vessels to be rough. Platelets in the blood like to gather in rough places. Over time, blood clots can form in this area, causing heart attack. At this time, Aspirin is commonly prescribed to people with coronary artery disease to reduce the risk of heart attack.
ACEI includes benazapril and Perindopril. ARB includes valsartan and losartan. Heart structure in patients with coronary artery disease, high blood pressure or other diseases is easy to change. Heart function can be affected. These medicines can reduce heart deformation and thus prolong the life of patients with coronary heart disease.
2. Beta-blocker and blood pressure control
Beta-blocker including Betaloc can help control blood pressure and heart rate and meanwhile dilate coronary artery. It improves the ischemic condition of the heart in many ways to prevent angina attack.
The importance of controlling high blood pressure in the prevention and treatment of coronary artery disease is well known. Patients with coronary heart disease should generally keep their blood pressure below 130/85 mmHg to reduce the risk of angina and myocardial infarction.
3. Reduce cholesterol and giving up cigarettes
High cholesterol is a high risk factor for coronary heart disease. On the basis of sticking to a healthy lifestyle and dietary habits, patients with coronary heart disease should also take lipid-lowering drugs, including simvastatin and atorvastatin, etc., which can reduce blood lipid and maintain the stability of atherosclerosis plaques.
Patients who have had a heart attack should also take a lipid-lowering drug to avoid a recurrence if their cholesterol is normal.
Smoking is harmful to lung health and even seriously damages blood vessels. It can cause platelet aggregation and lipid deposition, which can block blood vessels and have a negative impact on the whole cardiovascular system.
4. Control your diet and treat diabetes
Avoid eating too full, avoid high fat, salt and sugar diet to reduce the psychological burden.A light diet is good for maintaining a balanced diet. More meals a day but less food at each, vegetables and fruits intake has positive effect on heart and blood vessels.
Diabetes not only causes dyslipidemia, but also leads to vascular disease. The prevalence of coronary heart disease in diabetic patients is 2 ~ 5 times higher than that in those with normal blood glucose. Controlling diabetes is very important for patients with coronary heart disease.
5. Exercise and education
Take proper exercise under the doctor’s supervision, which help build up your body and reduce the risk of heart attack recurrence.
***Please seek professional medical advise for the diagnosis or treatment of any ailment, disease or medical condition. This article is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a licensed medical professional.***