Two Methods to Help Kidney Patients Avoid Osteoporosis and Fracture
For kidney patients, with the progression of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), a variety of symptoms will present, one of which is osteoporosis. How to avoid it? Now go on reading to learn more information.
Causes of osteoporosis for kidney patients
Glucocorticoid is the most commonly used drug in the treatment of moderate to severe proteinuria, and is the core of various kidney disease treatment programs. It can effectively reduce the damage of urinary protein to the kidney and avoid the progression of kidney disease to uremia.
At the same time, the side effects of steroids can not be ignored. Patients taking steroids sometimes suffer from fracture because of a fall, a knock, or even a cough. Because they have a side effect of steroids: osteoporosis.
Steroids can reduce the intestinal absorption of calcium, and increase urinary calcium excretion. Calcium deficiency causes bone loss, thus leading to osteoporosis.
For healthy skeleton, bone density is larger; for skeleton that has osteoporosis caused by steroids, there are more holes, and the bone density is lower. If the bone is subjected to external forces, it is clear that the latter's bones are more likely to break.
How do you know if you have osteoporosis?
Before the fracture, osteoporosis has no symptoms and the human body could not feel it, so the screening of osteoporosis could only rely on X-ray. The most commonly used method is dual-energy X-ray to detect bone mineral density of lumbar spine and hip joint. The lower the BMD, the more serious the osteoporosis and the higher the incidence of fracture.
Osteoporosis can also occur in patients who use steroids, even in small doses, and the incidence is relatively high. Osteoporosis usually occurs three months after steroid use. It is recommended that bone mineral density be measured once in 6-12 months.
Prevention and treatment of osteoporosis
The prevention and treatment of osteoporosis mainly includes two aspects:
1. To stop smoking and drinking alcohol
Smoking and drinking can accelerate bone loss.
2. To supplement calcium
The best calcium supplements are dairy products. Green leafy vegetables and soybean products are also good calcium supplements.
When using steroids, doctors often prescribe calcium tablets for patients to supplement calcium. Calcium tablets are usually taken before bedtime (blood calcium is lowest in the morning and calcium absorption rate is high).
Now you know the two methods to help kidney patients avoid osteoporosis and fracture. In fact, you can try some natural treatment to counteract the side effects of steroids. For more information on kidney disease treatment, please leave a message below or contact online doctor.
***Please seek professional medical advise for the diagnosis or treatment of any ailment, disease or medical condition. This article is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a licensed medical professional.***