“Four Low” Diet Principles to Lower High Creatinine Level and Protect Renal Function
When it comes to serum creatinine, most kidney patients are first associated with uremia. When serum creatinine rises to 707 umol/L, it means that more than 90% of the kidney function is impaired, and the disease has develop to end stage Kidney Failure, that is, uremia. Therefore, for kidney patients, elevated serum creatinine is not only the elevation of indicator, but also fear and the worry of uremia.
The rise of serum creatinine is directly related to the impairment of renal function. In the course of the development of kidney disease, there are also some factors that can accelerate the rise of creatinine, such as various infections, misuse of nephrotoxic drugs, high blood pressure, etc. In addition, inappropriate diet will also affect the stability of creatinine, and some dietary habits are not conducive to the stability of renal function, leading to the rise of creatinine.
To avoid creatinine elevation and accelerate renal failure, kidney patients should adhere to these four dietary principles:
Meat and vegetable collocation to reduce the workload of kidneys
Serum creatinine is a metabolic product of muscles. Generally, people with strong muscles have slightly higher serum creatinine than those with less muscles. In general, creatinine level is not affected by diet, but for kidney patients with renal insufficiency, excess creatinine can not be passed out in time, then unreasonable diet will affect the creatinine value.
Meat contains more protein, fat and cholesterol. Too much intake will increase the burden of kidney, affect the metabolism of kidney function, and is not conducive to the excretion of creatinine. In addition, creatinine will also be produced in the process of human consumption and absorption of food, thus increasing creatinine. Therefore, kidney patients should pay attention to the collocation of meat and vegetable when creatinine level increases. Eating less meat, especially high-fat and cholesterol meat such as red meat and animal liver. Eating white meat properly is better, and eating more vegetables and fruits, which contain more cellulose and vitamins. They are conducive to accelerating kidney metabolism, but will not increase the burden of the kidney.
Low purine diet to decrease uric acid and stabilize creatinine level
Because glomerular filtration rate decreases, all aspects of renal function decreases, and metabolic function gets worse, a large number of toxins can not be discharged, resulting in increased levels of toxins in patients. In addition to creatinine, uric acid level also increases. By examining the blood routine, we can see that both serum creatinine and uric acid are elevated.
Therefore, kidney patients should also pay attention to low purine diet to avoid aggravating the increase of uric acid, and increasing the burden of kidney metabolism.
The food with high purine content mainly includes animal viscera, seafood and various soups. These foods not only contain high purine, but also contain more oil and cholesterol, which is not conducive to the stability of blood pressure, blood lipid and other indicators, so kidney patients should also eat less.
Low salt diet to avoid high blood pressure
Patients with renal insufficiency are often accompanied by hypertension. The worse the renal function, the higher the blood pressure is. It is mainly due to the disturbance of the function of regulating water and electrolyte in the kidney, which leads to the retention of water and sodium and the increase of blood pressure. In addition, fibrosis and sclerosis occur after the impaired renal function, and the different blood flow in the kidney will aggravate blood pressure. Hypertension, in turn, can aggravate renal ischemia and hypoxia, forming a vicious circle.
Too much salt intake will directly increase blood pressure, and meanwhile increase the metabolic burden of the kidney, which is not conducive to creatinine excretion. Therefore, when blood creatinine is too high, kidney patients should pay attention to salt intake. Generally, patients with hypertension take no more than 3 g of salt per day (about half the amount of beer bottle caps). Patients with stage 1 and 2 of kidney disease whose blood pressure has not yet risen should take no more than 5 g of salt per day to protect renal function. Therefore, in the daily, you should follow a low salt diet. Some foods with high salt content, such as salted vegetables, processed meat, pastries, should be eaten less.
Low potassium diet to avoid complications
Because of electrolyte disturbance in the later stage of kidney disease, kidney patients may suffer from hyperkalemia, which can easily lead to arrhythmia and other cardiac problems. Then other serious complications accelerate renal failure, which is not conducive to the stability of renal function and creatinine recovery.
So kidney patients of stage 3 and 4 should also pay attention to the intake of high potassium food. Relatively speaking, in staple foods, crude grains such as buckwheat, corn, sweet potatoes and so on are high in potassium. In fruit, bananas, oranges, lemons, apricots, plums and nectarines are slightly higher than other fruits. In vegetables, spinach, amaranth, coriander, rape, cabbage and other mungleaf vegetables, as well as potatoes, yam potatoes, fresh peas, and soybeans are higher than others. Kidney patients should pay attention to their intake when eating these kinds of food.
Now you know the four-low diet principles for kidney patients to lower high creatinine and protect renal function. Besides diet, you should pay attention to medical treatment. For more information on high creatinine treatment, please leave a message below or contact online doctor.
***Please seek professional medical advise for the diagnosis or treatment of any ailment, disease or medical condition. This article is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a licensed medical professional.***