Is Diabetes Inherited
Can Diabetes be inherited?
Most scholars believe that diabetes is a hereditary disease. Clinically, the incidence of diabetes mellitus with family history is much higher than that without family history, which is 3-40 times higher than that of the latter. Both parents or their father or mother with diabetes mellitus have great genetic tendency. Some statistics show that both parents are diabetic, and about 5% of their children have diabetes.
Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are inherited, but what is inherited is not the diabetes itself, but the susceptibility to diabetes, which makes these people more likely to develop diabetes than the general population.Type 2 diabetes is more genetically predisposed than type 1 diabetes.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus is a kind of disease caused by the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. It is mainly marked by high blood sugar. The common symptoms are polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia and emaciation. Diabetes can cause damage to multiple systems in the body, such as diabetic eye disease, kidney disease, diabetic foot, etc.
Diabetes mellitus is divided into type 1 diabetes mellitus and type 2 diabetes mellitus:
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Due to the complete lack of insulin in the body, people must rely on exogenous insulin. Without insulin treatment, ketoacidosis will occur, and if there is no timely rescue, it will lead to death. The age of onset is mostly under 30 years old, and more in childhood. Generally, the patient suffers from acute onset and is thin, and often see a doctor due to ketoacidosis or even coma.
Type 2 diabetes, also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, usually occurs after the age of 35 to 40 years and accounts for more than 90% of diabetic patients. The ability to produce insulin in the body of type 2 diabetes patients is not completely lost, and some patients even produce too much insulin in the body, but the effect of insulin is poor, so the insulin in the body of patients is a relative lack, which can stimulate the secretion of insulin in the body through some oral drugs. But there are still some patients who need to be treated with insulin at a later stage.
How to prevent diabetes?
1. To avoid obesity
Overweight or obese people are several times more likely to develop diabetes than people of normal weight. Based on the above reasons, for people with a family history of diabetes, if they want to avoid diabetes, they must adjust their diet, change bad eating habits, strengthen physical exercise, and avoid being overweight or obese.
2. To strengthen exercise
Increasing physical activity, and participating in physical exercise can accelerate fat decomposition, lose weight, and improve lipid metabolism, which is conducive to the prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and other complications of diabetes.
3. To pay attention to diet
Stop eating food containing sucrose and glucose. In staple food, you can often eat some coarse grains, such as corn, buckwheat, beans. Non-staple food is given priority to with vegetable, melon and fruit, and the food that has auxiliary action to fall blood sugar level, such as bitter gourd, grapefruit skin, guava, and yacon should be often ate. Quit smoking and limit alcohol.
4. To prevent viral infections
Viral infection can cause islet inflammation, leading to insufficient insulin secretion and diabetes. In addition, the virus infection can also aggravate latent diabetes and become apparent diabetes.
5. To Monitor blood sugar irregularly
Blood glucose monitoring is a crucial step in the prevention and treatment of diabetes. As the children of diabetics, although not yet developed diabetes, you can not relax vigilance. You should go to the hospital to check blood sugar value regularly. At present, the family blood glucose detector has entered thousands of households. It is very convenient to measure blood glucose at home without leaving the house.
Is Diabetes inherited? Now you get the answer. For more information on diabetes, please leave a message below or contact online doctor.
***Please seek professional medical advise for the diagnosis or treatment of any ailment, disease or medical condition. This article is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a licensed medical professional.***