What Do Diabetes Patients Do for Wounds
Diabetes is a familiar disease and its incidence is high. The harm of diabetes is well known, and it is easy to cause a variety of complications, such as atherosclerosis of large blood vessels, Diabetic Nephropathy, diabetic retinopathy, diabetic neuropathy, diabetic foot, etc., which seriously affect the quality of life of patients.
Wounds in diabetic patients are difficult to heal.
For ordinary people, a small cut may not be a problem, but for people with diabetes, the damage may be beyond your imagination. Diabetic wounds often take longer to heal than healthy ones. Even though it is healed at that time, when your immune system decreases, bacteria that lurk in the wound will repopulate and cause wound infections and suppuration. Especially when the wound site is located in the foot, improper treatment will develop into diabetic foot, making the patients with mobility difficulties and affecting the quality of life. In severe cases, it can lead to amputation and disability.
Why is diabetic wound not easy to heal?
High blood sugar can easily cause wound infection. High blood sugar is the main source of infection. High blood sugar can inhibit phagocytosis of white blood cells and reduce the ability to prevent infection.When the body's resistance drops and a wound develops, bacteria can creep in and cause an infection.Therefore, diabetic patients are prone to infection and wound healing is difficult.
Diabetic patients with neurovascular disorders have elevated blood glucose levels, which promote the deposition of glucose oxides in tissue collagen. Oxidative stress is easy to cause tissue damage and cell death, thus leading to the occurrence of diabetes complications, microvascular diseases, damage to blood vessels and nerves.
Diabetic patients have impaired recovery function of tissue. Diabetic patients have abnormal insulin secretion regulation function in the body, which affects the glucose metabolism of the body and reduces the utilization rate of sugar. The healing of incision tissue requires protein and other tissue factors from the growth of granulation tissue to the formation of collagen fiber. However, diabetic patients have abnormal utilization of glucose, which cannot effectively convert glucose into protein and other substances.Tissue hyperglycemia leads to hyperosmosis of tissue cells, which is not conducive to cell survival.All of these lead to impaired tissue regeneration and repair, resulting in delayed unions.
How do diabetic patients treat wounds?
1. The first thing that should be done is to control the patient's blood glucose, and keep the blood glucose normal and stable, which is very critical for the wound healing.
2. If the patient’s wound does not develop a large ulcer, but cannot heal for a long time. Saline can be used to wash the wound and change medicines every day. And add appropriate amount of insulin for external use. Insulin can stimulate the growth of granulation and promote wound healing.
3. Diabetic patients have weak body resistance. So nutritional support therapy can be carried out to improve the body's nutritional level and enhance the ability of tissue cells, so as to promote wound healing. On food, you can eat foods with a lot of protein and vitamin.
In conclusion, diabetic patients should strictly control blood glucose in ordinary times to delay the occurrence of diabetic complications. Protect yourself and, try not to get hurt; When the wound appears, you should seek medical advice in time, take proper treatment under the doctor's guidance reasonable treatment, and promote the wound healing as soon as possible.
***Please seek professional medical advise for the diagnosis or treatment of any ailment, disease or medical condition. This article is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a licensed medical professional.***