Seven Steps to Help Diabetics Protect Kidneys
Diabetic Nephropathy is a common complication of diabetes and one of the manifestations of diabetic systemic microangiopathy. Its clinical features include proteinuria, progressive renal function damage, hypertension, edema, and severe renal failure in the late stage, which is one of the main causes of death in patients with diabetes. The following 7 points must be achieved for diabetics to protect their kidneys as early as possible.
1. To bring blood glucose level to reach the standard
Now that you have diabetes, you have to treat it, and the treatment has to be up to standard. Because the early symptoms of type 2 Diabetes are not obvious, when patients have symptoms and seek medical treatment, they have more or less already complications, which are not conductive to the treatment and prognosis of the patients. Unstable blood glucose level or high blood glucose still causes chronic damage to the heart, brain, kidney, eyes and other most important organs of the human body. Therefore, you should control your blood glucose as early as possible to prevent the occurrence of complications.
2. To control blood pressure to normal level
Diabetic patients are often accompanied by hypertension, which also aggravates the burden on the kidney. Therefore, Diabetic Nephropathy patients should pay more attention to the control of blood pressure. Hypertension may accelerate the progression of diabetic nephropathy. Whether it is type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes, ACEI is preferred in terms of blood pressure. The second is calcium channel blocker, which has no adverse effect on glucose and lipid metabolism, so it is recommended to use long-acting preparation or short-acting controlled release agent, which are better combined with ACEI.
3. To reduce sodium intake
Type 2 diabetes patients are mostly accompanied by obesity, with large amount of food and more salt intake. Excessive salt intake can speed up the decline in kidney function in kidney patients, experts have found.
4. To start intervention treatment in early stage
The effect of early intervention treatment is obvious in patients with diabetes. For diabetic patients who do not have diabetic nephropathy or have diabetic nephropathy, anti-oxidants such as vitamin E and vitamin C and traditional Chinese medicine liuwei dihuang pill should be applied for intervention treatment under the guidance of doctors, and good results can be achieved. When blood pressure can not be controlled into ideal level, antihypertensive drugs can be used together. On the one hand, it is to increase the sensitivity of insulin; on the other hand, it is to reduce renal inflammation and control the disease.
5. To do regular monitoring
Blood glucose level changes with the change of environment and season, and also fluctuates with the sensitivity of drug application. It is necessary to regularly monitor blood glucose, urine protein and blood pressure in patients with diabetes.
Blood pressure is not ideal level can be used with antihypertensive drugs, on the one hand to increase the sensitivity of insulin, on the other hand to reduce the existing proteinuria patients urinary protein filtration, play a role in protecting the kidney.
6. To have reasonable diet
Diabetes patients should be based on high quality animal protein. Under the guarantee of insulin, the intake of carbohydrates can be appropriately increased to ensure sufficient calories and avoid the decomposition of protein and fat to increase the burden of renal excretion. In addition, reduce a variety of high-calorie, fried foods and crude protein intake.
7. To avoid nephrotoxic drugs
Diabetic patients should avoid using drugs harmful to the kidneys, such as gentamicin, streptomycin, amikacin and some Chinese herbal preparations.
The above are the seven steps to help diabetics protect kidneys. If you still have any questions on diabetes, please leave a message below or contact online doctor.
***Please seek professional medical advise for the diagnosis or treatment of any ailment, disease or medical condition. This article is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a licensed medical professional.***